File Sizes and Transfer Speeds

Author: Swapna Naraharisetty, 2BrightSparks Pte. Ltd.

The size of a file is the amount of data stored in a file, or the measure of space consumed by a file on a storage medium such as an internal/external drive, network drive, FTP server or cloud. File sizes are measured in Bytes (B), Kilobytes (KB), Megabytes (MB), Gigabytes (GB), Terabytes (TB) and so on. The file sizes can be measured using a binary system (where kilo means 1024) or metric system (kilo means 1000).

Data transfer speed is a measure of data that is transferred from one location to another in a given amount of time. Data transfer speeds are measured in bits per second (b) or bytes per second (B). A bit is represented with a lowercase “b”, while a byte is represented with an uppercase “B”, for example: Kbps means ‘Kilobits per second’, and KBps means ‘Kilobytes per second’.

File Sizes

Bit

A bit is a smallest unit of data, which holds either 1 or 0 (or on/off). The unit of a bit is represented by a lowercase b.

Byte

A byte is a sequence of 8 bits. A byte can represent a letter, a number or a symbol. The unit of a byte is represented by an uppercase B.

Kilobyte

A kilobyte is equal to 1024 bytes. It is normally used to describe the size of small files stored on a storage device e.g. text files or txt files. The Kilobyte is abbreviated as KB.

Megabyte

A Megabyte is 1024 kilobytes. It is used to measure the size of large files e.g. image files or JPEG files. The Megabyte is abbreviated as MB.

Gigabyte

A Gigabyte is 1024 megabytes. It is used to measure the volume of storage devices. The Gigabyte is abbreviated as GB.

Terabyte

A Terabyte is 1024 gigabytes. It is used to measure the capacity of large storage devices. The Terabyte is abbreviated as TB.

Transfer Speeds

bps

means one bit per second. Note the small b to indicate bits and not bytes.

Bps

means one byte per second or 8 bits per second. Note that capital B to indicate bytes and not bits.

kBps

means one kilobyte per second or 1000 bytes per second. This uses a decimal prefix.

KiBps

means one kibibyte per second or 1024 bytes per second. This uses a binary prefix (note the i).

MBps

means 1,000,000 bytes per second. This uses a decimal prefix.

MiBps

means one mebibyte per second or 1,048,576 bytes per second. This uses a binary prefix.

GBps

means 1,000,000,000 bytes per second. This uses a decimal prefix.

GiBps

means one gibibyte per second or 1,073,741,824 bytes per second. This uses a binary prefix.

TBps

means 1,000,000,000,000 bytes per second. This uses a decimal prefix.

TiBps

means one tebibyte per second or 1,099,511,627,776 bytes per second. This uses a binary prefix.

In SyncBack the file sizes and transfer speeds are expressed in bytes, kilobytes, megabytes and so on, but not in bits form. SyncBack uses the binary system to describe file sizes, not the metric system. SyncBack V8.5.43.0 and earlier show transfer speeds using the decimal prefix but they are actually binary values. For example, 1MBps is shown but it is actually 1,048,576 bytes per second and not 1,000,000 bytes per second. After V8.5.43.0, SyncBack correctly uses the binary prefix.


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